The moray eel is the biggest eel species. Moray eels are found in fresh, marine, and brackish environments in 200 distinct species. Moray eels like warmer water and are often seen around coral reefs and in shallow water. Although commercial fishing is conducted on moray eels, they are not endangered.
Interesting Moray Eel Facts:
1. The size of the moray eel varies according to species. It is from 1 to 15 feet in length. The moray eels weigh an average of 30 pounds.
2. The moray eel has a long, thin body that resembles a snake, but they are not reptiles; they are real fish.
3. The moray eel’s color ranges from black to yellowish brown. Their undersides are whitish.
4. The dorsal fin of the moray eel is very long, extending from the head to the tail. Pectoral and pelvic fins are absent in the majority of moray eels.
5. The moray eel spends the most of its life hiding in caves and rock crevices at the sea’s bottom. It strikes in the manner of an ambush predator waiting for the ideal prey to come.
6. The moray eel is a carnivore (meat eater), preferring cuttlefish, fish, squid, octopuses, crabs, and mollusks.
7. While hunting other creatures, the moray eel employs specialized techniques. They ambush a target and wrap its body around it until it gets flattened enough to be devoured. The other alternative is to rip the victim apart and consume it in bites.
8. In contrast to other eels, the moray eel possesses two sets of razor-sharp teeth. The first pair is positioned in the jaw, while the second is located in the neck. The teeth placed in the throat are used to break up food and aid in digestion.
9. Teeth are angled rearward, impeding the prey’s escape.
10. Moray eels secrete a slippery material that acts as a protective mucus that coats their bodies. Certain species’ mucus includes poisons.
11. While the moray eel is a top predator in the ocean, it is often preyed upon by other huge marine animals such as sharks and barracudas.
12. The moray eel has huge eyes but poor vision. It has an excellent sense of smell, which aids it in locating prey.
13. As with every other fish, the moray eel breathes via its gills. They are concealed beneath the skull, between the two circular apertures. The moray eel maintains an open mouth (not because it is about to bite, but) in order to maintain steady circulation of water toward the gills.
14. Mating season occurs when the temperature of the water and food sources reaches an ideal level. Male and female participants wrap their bodies around one another for a couple of hours. Females may release up to 10,000 eggs during this time period, which will be fertilized by the male’s sperm. Fertilized eggs hatch into larva that swims with the plankton for up to a year before returning to the bottom of the sea to begin its life as a fully developed moray eel.
15. A substantial proportion of moray eel larvae end up in the stomachs of huge predators. Those that survive may expect to live between ten and thirty years.